Cl-1| English Grammar | Ch-5: Noun

Noun
Class 1 English Grammar – Noun

Pre-Requisites

Learning Objective

On successful completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • demonstrate basic knowledge on noun, kids of noun, noun number , gender.
  • analyze the rules to convert singular into plural noun.
  • develop problem-solving skills.
  • apply in real life.

Dictionary

  • Letter: A, a, B, b etc.
  • Consonant: other than A, e, i, o and u.
  • Vovel: A, e, i, o and u
  • Semi-vowels: W & y
  • Word: A group of letters
  • Sentence: Group of words
  • Parts of speech: Noun, pronoun etc.
  • Noun: Touch, See or Fee
  • Kind: Type
  • Gender: Sex
  • Countable: Which can be counted
  • Uncountable: Which cannot be counted

5.1 Noun

=> Noun: Name of a person , place, thing or an animal.

=> Noun: Anything that can be Touched , Seen or Felt is called a noun.

e.g

1.Name of persons:

  • Anjali Kumari
  • Bholu Singh
  • Padmini etc.

2. Name of places:

  • Patna
  • Surat
  • Jhajha etc.

3.Name of things:

  • Pen
  • Book
  • Pencil etc.

4.Name of animals:

  • Cat
  • Goat
  • Lion etc.

5.2 Types of Nouns

=> 5 types of nouns:

  1. Proper Noun
  2. Common Noun
  3. Collective Noun
  4. Material Noun
  5. Abstract Noun

5.2.1 Proper Noun

=> Proper noun: Single piece on this earth.

e.g

  • Sun
  • Ram
  • Shyam
  • Moon
  • Earth
  • Patna
  • The Ganges
  • The Ramayana etc.

5.2.2 Common Noun

=> Common noun: It denotes entire community.

e.g

  • boy
  • cat
  • dog
  • village
  • state etc.

5.2.3 Collective Noun

=> Collective noun: It denotes a collection.

e.g

  • family
  • army
  • bunch
  • mob
  • team etc.

5.2.4 Material Noun

=> Material noun: Material things.

e.g

  • water
  • team
  • milk
  • flour
  • cement
  • bricks etc.

5.2.5 Abstract Noun

=> Abstract noun: Feeling things.

e.g

  • Sound
  • hot
  • noise
  • cool
  • happiness etc.

5.3 Noun Number

=> On the basis of numbers of noun, there are 2 types of nouns:

5.3.1 Uncountable Noun

=> Uncountable noun: The noun which cannot be counted is called the uncountable noun.

e.g

  • salt
  • sugar
  • milk etc.

=> Uncountable noun has no plural form.

=> Uncountable noun always exists in singular form.

=> If we make plural form of the uncountable noun then its meaning changes.

e.g

  • wood —> woods (both have different meaning)

5.3.2 Countable noun

=> Countable noun: The noun which can be counted is called the countable noun.

e.g

  • boy
  • girl
  • home etc.

=> Countable noun has its singular and plural forms.

=> Countable Noun has 2 numbers:

5.3.2.1 Singular Number

=> Singular Number: It denotes 1 person/animal/thing.

e.g

  • apple
  • boy
  • cat
  • dog etc.
5.3.2.2 Plural Number

=> Plural number: It denotes more than 1 person/animal/thing.

e.g

  • apples
  • boys
  • cats
  • dogs etc.

5.4 Rules to form Plural Noun from Singular Noun

Singular Noun —> Plural Noun

R1. Generally, we add s at the end of a singular noun to make its plural noun.

e.g

  • ant —> ants
  • animal —> animals
  • apple —> apples
  • boy —> boys
  • cat —> cats
  • cow —> cows
  • doctor —> doctors
  • dog —> dogs
  • egg —> eggs
  • eye —> eyes
  • friend —> friends
  • horse —> horses
  • house —> houses

R2. Singular noun ends with s/ss/sh/ch/x —-add es—-> Plural noun.

e.g

  • bus —> buses
  • gas —> gases
  • ass —> asses
  • class —> classes
  • dress —> dresses
  • brush —> brushes
  • bush —> bushes
  • dish —> Dishes
  • torch —> torches
  • bench —> benches
  • branch —> branches
  • tax —> taxes
  • box —> boxes
  • fox —> foxes

Note: If meaning of ch is k then add only s.

e.g

  • stomach —> stomachs
  • monarch —> monarchs

R3. ends with vowel+y —> add only s

e.g

  • boy —> boys
  • key —> keys
  • play —> plays

R4. ends with consonant+y —> Remove y and add ies

e.g

  • baby —> babies
  • story —> stories
  • lady —> ladies

R5. ends with f/fe —> Remove f/fe and add ves

e.g

  • leaf —> leaves
  • life –> lives
  • knife —> knives
  • calf —> calves
  • loaf —-> loaves
  • thief —> thieves
  • wife —> wives
  • wolf —> wolves

Note: Some words don’t follow the above rule.

e.g

  • hoof —> hoofs
  • roof —> roofs
  • proof —> proofs
  • handkerchief —>handkerchiefs

R6. ends with consonant+o —> add es

e.g

  • hero —> heroes
  • mango —> mangoes
  • buffalo —> buffaloes
  • tomato —> tomatoes
  • potato —> potatoes
  • mosquito —> mosquitoes

Note: Some don’t follow the above rule.

e.g

  • photo —> photos
  • piano —> pianos

R7. ends with vowel+o —> add only s

e.g

  • bamboo —> bamboos
  • cuckoo —> cuckoos
  • radio —> radios
  • studio —> studios

R8. Make plural noun by changing its root letters

e.g

  • man —> men
  • ox —> oxen
  • woman —> women
  • foot —> feet
  • child —> children
  • tooth —> teeth

R9. Singular and plural forms are same.

e.g

  • fish —> fish
  • sheep —> sheep
  • deer —> deer

=> Take care of noun & its number while writing or speaking.

Table 5.1 Singular Nouns and Plural Nouns

Singular NounPlural Noun
AnimalAnimals
Kingkings
AntAnts
KiteKites
AppleApples
LegLegs
BoyBoys
CatCats
PenPens
CowCows
DoctorDoctors
DogDogs
EggEggs
EyeEyes
FriendFriends
HorseHorses
HouseHouses
PencilPencils
RatRats
RoseRoses
School Schools
ShoeShoes
SisterSister
SonSons
TeacherTeachers
BrushBrushes
BushBushes
DishDishes
TorchTorches
BenchBenches
BranchBranches
InchInches
WatchWatches
BusBuses
GasGases
AssAsses
ClassClasses
DressDresses
TaxTaxes
BoxBoxes
FoxFoxes
MonarchMonarchs
Stomach Stomachs
NoseNoses
TreeTrees
DayDays
DonkeyDonkeys
EssayEssays
HolidayHolidays
KeyKeys
MonkeyMonkeys
PlayPlays
RayRays
ToyToys
BabyBabies
CityCities
CopyCopies
CountryCountries
DiaryDiaries
FamilyFamilies
LadyLadies
StoryStories
FlyFlies
CalfCalves
KnifeKnives
LeafLeaves
LifeLives
LoafLoaves
ThiefThieves
WifeWives
WolfWoves
HoofHoofs
RoofRoofs
ProofProofs
HandkerchiefHandkerchiefs
BuffaloBuffalos
HeroHeros
MangoMangoes
TomatoTomatoes
PotatoPotatoea
MosquitoMosquitoes
PhotoPhotos
PianoPianos
BambooBamboos
CuckooCuckoos
RadioRadios
StudioStudios
ManMen
WomanWomen
ChildChildren
OxOxen
FootFeet
TootTeeth
DeerDeer
SheepSheep
FishFish
GooseGeese
PhonePhones
AppApps

5.5 Gender

=> In English , 4 types of gender:

5.5.1 Masculine Gender

=> Masculine gender: It denotes a man.

e.g

  • son
  • father
  • boy
  • dog etc.

5.5.2 Feminine gender

=> Feminine gender: It denotes a female.

e.g

  • sister
  • daughter
  • girl
  • mother etc.

5.5.3 Common gender

=> Common gender: It denotes a noun is either a male or a female.

e.g

  • child
  • parent
  • student
  • teacher etc.

5.5.4 Neuter gender

=> Neuter gender: It denotes a noun is neither a male nor a female.

e.g

  • box
  • ball
  • oil etc.

=> Small animals , insects and non-living things are under neuter gender.

5.6 Masculine –> Feminine

R1. New word

e.g

  • boy —> girl
  • bull —> cow
  • brother —> sister etc.

R2. add ess

e.g

  • god —> goddess
  • lion —> lioness
  • poet —> poetess etc.

R3. Remove vowel and add ess

e.g

  • actor —> actress
  • tiger —> tigress etc.

=> prince —> princess (exceptional)

R4. Other

e.g

  • grandson —> granddaughter
  • father-in-law –> mother-in-law
  • he-goat —->she-goat etc.

Table 5.2 Gender

Masculine Gender Feminine Gender Common Gender Neuter Gender
soncomwriterbox
boylionessteacherpen
fatherdaughtersingerpenc
mangirlthiefball
heromotherstudentbook
kingwomanparentoil
dogheroinebabyroom
horsequeenchildschool
lionbitchkillertree
bull etc.mare etc.fighter etc.wood
Gender

Table 5.3 Masculine gender to feminine gender

Masculine gender –> Feminine gender
Masculine Gender Feminine Gender
boygirl
bridegroombride
brothersister
bullcow
cockhen
dogbitch
fathermother
heroheroine
husbandwife
kingqueen
manwoman
nephewniece
ramewe
sondaughter
uncleaunt
MrMrs
MisterMistress
SirMada.
godgoddess
giantgiantess
lionlioness
poetpoetess
priestpriestess
actoractress
tigertigress
monstermontress
grandfathergrandmother
grandsongranddaughter
brother-in-lawsister-in-law
father-in-lawmother-in-law
son-in-lawdaughter-in-law
he-goatshe-goat
peacockpeahen
wahsermanwasherwoman
Masculine ggender to feminine gender

5.7 Practice Set

Set-1

1.Make the plural form of the following:

  • boy
  • cat
  • bench
  • class
  • school
  • dish
  • copy
  • studio
  • man
  • ox

2. Choose the words which have no plural form.

  • milk
  • fish
  • deer
  • sheep
  • iron
  • ghee
  • cat
  • dog
  • ant
  • ball

3. Make the singular form of the following:

  • cats
  • studios
  • photos
  • benches
  • classes
  • men
  • oxen
  • women
  • pencils
  • copies

4. Choose the singular words.

  • boys
  • dog
  • keys
  • man
  • men

6. Underline all the nouns in the following sentences:

  • Cow is a pet animal.
  • She has legs.
  • What is your name?
  • My name is Query Karo.
  • River flows.

7. Underline all the proper nouns of the followings:

  • Ram is a boy.
  • He has two legs.
  • My name is Query Karo.

8. Make the feminine gender form of the following:

  • boy
  • man
  • father
  • sister
  • god

9. Make the masculine gender form of the following:

  • girl
  • woman
  • mother
  • sister
  • goddess

10. Make the opposite gender form of the following:

  • bitch
  • dog
  • man
  • woman
  • girl
  • god

11. Give any ten examples of uncountable nouns.

12. Give any ten examples of countable nouns.

13. Pick out the uncountable nouns.

  • milk
  • boy
  • cat
  • dog
  • honey

14. Underline the countable nouns.

  • Ram is a boy.
  • She has four legs.
  • I have two pens.
  • River iis situated at Patna.
  • Apple is so toasty.

Ans:

  1. A word or a group of words that makes complete sense is called a sentence.
  2. Go.
  3. What is this? , This is a book. , Okay.
  4. What is this?, I’m sorry., I’m running.
  5. What is your name?, My name is Query., You are very lucky.
  6. What is your name?, My name is Query Karo.
  7. This is a boy., That is a boy., Who are you?, My name is Query Karo., What is your name?

5.8 Quiz

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Cl-1| English Grammar | Ch-2 | Words: Set 1

1 / 10

When is a group of letters called a word?

2 / 10

Give an example of a word.

3 / 10

Is Ram a word?

4 / 10

What is a word?

5 / 10

L => Word

6 / 10

Which of the followings is a two letters word?

7 / 10

L + L => ?

8 / 10

Which of the followings is a word?

9 / 10

Which of the followings is a three letters word?

10 / 10

Which of the followings is a one letter word?

Your score is

The average score is 0%

0%

Exit

Thank you!

5.9 Test

Q1. Write one word sentence.

Q2. Write five sentences having five worda.

Q3. Define a sentence.

Q4. Is it a sentence?

Q5. Is a sentence it?

5.10 Exam

The exam will be conducted after the completion of the course.

5.11 Ask Question

Ask your doubts here

…..The End…..

Index

  • See all chapters here

Other Notes

Class 1 to 12

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