Cl-2| English Grammar | Ch-1: Letters

Class 1 English Grammar - Letters
Class 1 English Grammar – Letters

Pre-Requisites

  • Nothing

Learning Objective

On successful completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • demonstrate basic knowledge of letters.
  • analyze letters.
  • develop problem-solving skills.
  • apply in real life.

Dictionary

  • Letter: A, a, B, b etc.
  • Consonant: other than A, e, i, o and u.
  • Vovel: A, e, i, o and u

1.1 Letters

=> Letter: A, a, B, c , D, d etc. are called letters.

=> There are 26 letters.

=> A set of letters from A to Z (or a to z) is called an alphabet.

1.2 Type of Letters

=> Letters are of 2 types:

Capital Letters

=> Capital letters are also known as Uppercase letters.

Small Letters

=> Small letters are also known as Lowercase letters.

=> There are 26 capital letters.

=> There are 26 small letters.

1.3 Part of Letters

=> 2 parts of letters:

Consonants

=> Consonants: B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, , P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, Z are called consonants.

=> There are 21 consonants.

Vowels

=> Vowels: A, E, I, O and U are called vowels.

=> There are 5 vowels.

Semi – Vowels

=> Semi- vowels: W and Y are called semi-vowels.

=> There are 2 semi-vowels.

=> When they are present in the beginning of a word, they are called consonants.

e.g:

Window–> Consonant

Yellow –> Consonant

= When they are not present in the beginning of a word , they are called vowels.

e.g:

Cow –> Vowel

Fly –> Vowel

1.4 Use of Capital letters

1.The first letter of a proper noun is a capital letter.

e.g

  • Ram
  • January
  • Patna
  • India
  • Monday
  • Hindi etc.

2.First letter of the first word of a sentence is capital letter.

e.g

  • Queen is a girl.
  • I am Ram.
  • Who aare you?
  • Is tthis a book?

3.Every line of an English poem starts with a capital letter.

e.g

Johnny, Jonny,

Yes, papa!

Eating sugar?

No, papa!

Telling lies?

No, papa!

Open your mouth

Ha! Ha! Ha!

4. I is always written in capital letter.

e.g

  • I am a boy.
  • Ram knows that I am a good boy.

5. Capital letters are used in abbreviation.

e.g

  • M.A
  • S.P
  • D.S.P
  • P.M
  • C.M etc.

1.5 Practice Set

Set-1

1.What are semi-vowels letters?

2. What are consonants?

3. What are vowels?

4. How many are vowels?

5. How many are consonants?

6. How many are semi-vowels?

7. How many are letters?

8. How many kinds of Letters?

9. How many types of Letters?

10. What are the parts of letters?

11. When is w called vowel?

12. When is y called vowel?

13. Give an example of w in consonant form?

14. Give an example of y in vowel form?

15. Give an example of y in consonant form?

16. Give an example of w in vowel form.

17. Separate vowels of the given letters:

  1. a, b, c, d, e
  2. A, b, C, d, U, O
  3. Z, M, P, q, R

18. Separate consonants of the following letters-

  1. A, e, i, Q, O
  2. M, U, K, E, S, h
  3. Q, u, e , r, y
  4. K, a, r, o
  5. L, N, X, Z

19. Separate semi-vowels of the following letters-

  1. f, l, y
  2. W, r, o, n, g
  3. Y, e, l, l, o, w
  4. H, o, w
  5. M, o, N, e, y

20. Tell whether the highlighted letter is consonant or vowel.

  1. How
  2. Many
  3. Year
  4. Young
  5. Window
  6. Window
  7. Sunny
  8. Sky
  9. Yes
  10. Carrying

21. Rewrite these sentences using capital letters where necessary:

  • ram is a boy.
  • are you mohan?
  • she is an i.p.s?
  • it is sunday.
  • i am going to school.
  • is he sohan?
  • january is the first month of a year.
  • patna is the capital of bihar.
  • please sing – twinkle twinkle little star.

Ans:

  1. W and Y (or w and y).
  2. B, b, C, c, D, d, F, f, G, g, H, h, J, j, K, k, L, l, M, m, N, n, P, p, Q, q, R, r, S, s, T, t, V, v, W, w, X, x, Y, y, Z, z.
  3. A, a, E, e, I, i, O, o and U, u.
  4. 5.
  5. 21.
  6. 2.
  7. 26.
  8. 2.
  9. 2
  10. Consonants and vowels.
  11. When it is not present at the beginning of a word.
  12. When it is not present at the beginning of a word.
  13. Wind.
  14. Key.
  15. Yak.
  16. Blow.
  17. (1) a, e (2) A, U, O (3) No vowel.
  18. (1) Q. (2) M, K, S, h. (3) Q, r, y (4) K, r (5) L, N, X, Z.
  19. (1) y. (2) W. (3) Y, w. (4) w. (5) y.
  20. (1) Vowel. (2) Vowel. (3) Consonant. (4) Consonant. (5) Consonant. (6) Vowel. (7) Vowel. (8) Vowel. (9) Consonant. (10) Vowel.

1.6 Quiz

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Created on

Cl-1| English Grammar | Ch-1 | Letters: Set 1

1 / 13

How many are small letters?

2 / 13

How many are vowels?

3 / 13

Which of the following letters is a consonant?

4 / 13

How many are capital letters?

5 / 13

Which of the following letters is a semi - vowel?

6 / 13

Which of the following letters is a small letter?

7 / 13

Which of the following letters is a consonant?

8 / 13

How many are semi-vowels?

9 / 13

Which of the following letters is a capital letter?

10 / 13

Which of the following letters is a vowel?

11 / 13

Which of the following letters is a vowel?

12 / 13

How many are consonants?

13 / 13

Which of the following letters is a semi-vowel?

Your score is

The average score is 63%

0%

Exit

Thank you!

1.7 Test

Q1. Write capital letters.

Q2. Write small letters.

Q3. Write consonants.

Q4. Write vowels.

Q5. Write semi-vowels.

1.8 Exam

The exam will be conducted after the completion of the course.

1.9 Ask Question

Ask your doubts here

…..The End…..

Index

  • See all chapters here

Other Notes

Class 1 to 12

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